The 2015 UCL-Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change was formed to map out a comprehensive response to climate change, in order to ensure the highest attainable standards of health for populations worldwide. The Commission is multidisciplinary and international in nature, with strong collaboration between academic centres in Europe and China.
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10 Policy Recommendations
Responding to climate change could be the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century.
To help drive a transition to a low-carbon economy, over the next five years, the Commission recommends that governments:
1) Invest in climate change and public health research, monitoring, and surveillance
2) Scale-up financing for climate resilient health systems world-wide
3) Protect cardiovascular and respiratory health by ensuring a rapid phase out of coal from the global energy mix
4) Encourage a transition to cities that support and promote lifestyles that are healthy for the individual and for the planet
5) Establish the framework for a strong, predictable, and international carbon pricing mechanism.
6) Rapidly expand access to renewable energy in low-income and middle-income countries
7) Support accurate quantification of the avoided burden of disease, reduced health-care costs, and enhanced economic productivity associated with a low-carbon economy
8) Facilitate collaboration between Ministries of Health and other government departments, empowering health professionals and ensuring that health and climate considerations are thoroughly integrated in government-wide strategies
9) Agree and implement an international agreement that supports countries in transitioning to a low-carbon economy
10) To help drive this transition, the 2015 Lancet Commission will develop an independent Countdown to 2030: Global Health and Climate Action, designed to monitor progress on the implementation of climate change policies that promote health over the next 15 years.